Corresponding to location and the geographical conditions - the city’s surrounding areas are mostly flat with very few minor elevations - the climate in the region is largely influenced by the open waters. There are comparatively dry, mild winters with temperatures not dipping below 0° C too often, more precipitation in the summer and a climate that is considered healthy year-round. The water temperature at the coast is rarely higher than 20° C.
These favorable climate conditions are beneficial to the tourism industry, one of the main economic factors in the area. Many sights in the city, such as the famous Potemkin steps or the many tree-lined boulevards as well as a number of sandy beaches lure many tourists to Odessa. Other large employers are in the shipbuilding, freight-handling and forwarding and energy industries. In addition, the city is home to several universities, among them the I.I. Mechnikov National University and the National Medical University. Odessa also has a long cultural, literary and scientific history.
Odessa’s airport, renovated in 2012, serves some one million annual passengers and maintains direct connections to a few international destinations, Istanbul, Munich and Moscow being among them. Within the city, tramways, buses and cable cars as well as ferry services are available. There are also numerous connections by railway.